More Than Five Things to do with LEGO® in the EFL Classroom Part 2 (by Emma Herrod)

If you missed the first half of this article, start here.

Home Sweet Home

This lesson makes for a fun way of working with language to do with accommodation and living spaces, as the students work together to build a large model house.  The model is then referred to throughout subsequent lessons and forms a focus for discussion.  There are a number of instructions you can find on the internet for making LEGO houses.  Personally, I love this Apple Tree House  Don’t feel you have to stick rigorously to the instructions, colours and brick choices.  Work with what you have.   In this activity the class build a LEGO house – each group could build a section (such as the roof, garden etc) and then it all gets put together in the centre of the room.

  • This can then lead on to discussions of rooms, contents and the layouts of students’ own homes.  You could also try practising model verbs to talk about home safety.

Stop Animation Project

Why not embark on a project over the course of a few lessons or the term in which the finished product is a stop animation film made out of LEGO?  There are number of videos such as the famous ‘Starwars’ and ‘Indiana Jones’ clips to inspire you at  The site also has references for audio, video and lighting advice.

  • Such a project could incorporate a number of smaller language projects which all contribute to the final film.  Consider the script, brainstorming and coming up with the scenery, music and lyrics.  Perhaps write biogs for your characters.  Have a movie website so that students’ work is somewhere in the public domain and the film (however short) takes on a momentum of its own.
  • Your final version can be posted on You Tube and at for the enjoyment of fellow LEGO fans.  Seeing their work online is very encouraging for the students.  I would recommend moderating comments and posts on You Tube so as to avoid undesirable feedback.
  • As usual, care should always be taken when working with minors and the internet, and it would be parental consent should be sought before posting your students’ work online.

LEGO Cuisenaire Rods

Although I feel that The Silent Way goes against many of my communicative language principles, I cannot help but be fascinated by the use of little coloured Cuisenaire Rods and I don’t need convincing that they have their justified place in some classrooms.  In my world, I use LEGO bricks to fulfil a similar function.  I believe that LEGO has the advantage of being familiar in many of our learners’ hands, which I hope goes some way to enhancing their learning experience and the cognitive benefits of some of the activities below.

  • Syntax:  Give the student a number of sample sentences and ask them to recreate them using LEGO bricks.  In this case, the bricks take on a syntactic role and can help learners identify lexical patterns or rules of word order.  I’ve included below an example of how I used this recently with a French adult student.  She was struggling with the position of adverbs in English sentences:

The visualisation of the blocks of colour helped her, she said, to remember how the typical English pattern differed from her L1 and served to illustrate syntactical function in very visual way.

  • Working with beginner-level students, LEGO can be used to introduce numbers, colours and shapes.  Of course you can work with the actual properties of the individual bricks but also put bricks together to make other shapes and combinations.
  • Use LEGO to help practice spatial language areas such as prepositions (e.g. the red brick is on top of the blue brick) and comparatives (e.g. the white brick is bigger than the others).
  • Use the bricks to help students visualise verb-noun collocations (one yellow brick and one pink brick) or adjective-noun collocations (one blue brick and one pink brick).  Enlarge a copy of the class text, put it on the floor and ask students to place bricks under the collocations.  The colours are important here and should be kept consistent from one lesson to another, so that when recalling the vocabulary, students ‘see’ the frequent colours in their minds.
  • In a similar way to Cuisenaire Rods, LEGO can help with the visualisation of weak and strong sentence stress.  Students can for example look at the ways that changing sentence stress affects meaning.  I’ve given an example below of how I use this technique (with a very true ‘if clause’ sentence!).

  • Or word stress:

There are many, many more ways to bring LEGO bricks to life in the classroom and this selection above is in no way exhaustive.   For me, this post will have been a success if it results in more bricks being set free into learners’ hands around the world, to do what they do best – inspire creativity, stimulate learning and bring about smiles.

Please leave your feedback on any of the activities I’ve posted, but also do suggest your own LEGO brick lesson.  To inspire you, I have a set of 100 LEGO bricks to give away to the person with the best LEGO lesson idea!  So to end, I leave you with the LEGO Company’s own statement:  Play On…

Further resources:

Ebay – great for cheap LEGO sets and bags of bricks

Freecycle/Freegle – a set of Yahoo Groups ordered by location where people can give away or request things.  People are often giving away toys.

Charity shops/Thrift stores – always good for a bargain and LEGO bricks often lurk in the toy section – go on, you have my permission to rummage!

Note: This article by Emma Herrod originally appeared on Teaching Village, and is licensed under a Creative Commons, Attribution-Non Commercial, No Derivatives 3.0 License. If you wish to share it you must re-publish it “as is”, and retain any credits, acknowledgements, and hyperlinks within it.

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10 Responses

  1. Barbara says:

    Thank you, thank you, thank you!

    Lots of great, innovative ideas, Emma. I’m very excited to give them a try, and I know others are, too.

  2. Great stuff!! I’m a big fan of Lego, and I’ve actually used it in my teaching.

    What I did was similar to Barbara’s foolproof lesson (ref. this is an idea in the OUP Resource Book for Teachers: Conversation by Rob Nolasco and Lois Arthur).

    >Make a model out of Lego – the more complicated the better!
    >Place the model somewhere not all the students in the class can see. Screens or office dividers can be good for this.
    >Divide the class into two teams. They then have 15/20/30 minutes to attempt to reconstruct the model!

    All good for practising spatial language like you mention above, Emma, and that Barbara mentioned in her earlier post. I also used it as a way to develop teamwork skills (like the building the bridge activity for business English students).

    This is my favourite Lego video on YouTube at the moment:


  3. Chiew says:

    Congrats for the award, Barb! Just don’t rest on your laurels! Hehe, just joking.

  4. Catherine says:

    Great ideas but be careful – it can get addictive

  5. Thank you for sharing some great ideas. I love the idea of using Lego as Cuisenaire Rods. I have always wanted to buy some Cuisenaire Rods but now I know that I have some here at home in my son’s bedroom.

    When thinking about it, there are so many lessons which could include Lego; story-telling, telling the time, etc.

  6. Siobhan says:

    I use Lego in the ESL classroom in the following way: broadly based in ABA theory, to solicit a ‘mand’ or verbal demand, I bring in a bunch of Lego in categories, and get the children to repeat the phrase “can I have a…”, They are starting from no English knowledge, from age 4-12. This way they get to ask for things using their limited vocabulary of colours, numbers, some nouns (trees, men, window, door, cars etc) . When they ask, they receive, and their reward is to play with their Lego. Very popular, and gets all the kids were really motivated to speak their few words.

  1. May 27, 2010

    […] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Shelly S Terrell and Barbara Sakamoto, Dominique Paci. Dominique Paci said: RT @barbsaka: Part 2 of "More than 5 things to do w/LEGO in the EFL classroom" by @EHerrod #efl #esl […]

  2. May 31, 2010
  3. March 23, 2011

    […] Emma Herrod wrote about using lego blocks on Barbara Sakamoto’s blog Teaching Village in a blog that appeared in two parts. More Than Five Things to do with LEGO® in the EFL Classroom Part 1 (by Emma Herrod) Teaching Village Rotating Header Image More Than Five Things to do with LEGO® in the EFL Classroom … […]